Best Search Engine Other Than Google (Alternatives)

By Rank Jacker on January 3, 2023

how many search engines are there

What is a search engine anyway? A search engine, also known as an Internet search engine, is a web application that enables its users to search for specific information on the World Wide Web.

The search results are presented in a list of results, often referred to as search engine results pages ( SERPs ).

The information can be a mix of links to websites, pictures, podcasts, videos, PDF files, infographics, articles, research, and other types of documents.

Which search engines are there and which are good Google alternatives?

  • 1. Bing (the largest competitor for Google in Europe and America)
  • 2. Yandex (market leader in Russia)
  • 3. DuckDuckGo (high data protection)
  • 4. Ecosia (proceeds will be donated to nature conservation)
  • 5. (Offers anonymous use of Google search)

In this post, we’re going to provide you with a list of many different internet search engines.

List With The Best Internet Search Engines

Even if Google dominates the market, there are many, sometimes quite small and unknown providers that are worth testing.

The data collection mania of Google and Bing, in particular, are legitimate reasons for concern. If you want to better protect your data, you will also find some alternatives here :

Name Search Technology Online Since Data Octopus? Good To Know: Country Of Origin
Google Search index + web crawler 1997 Yes, it saves personal data World market leader, stores user data, displays personalized search results United States
Bing Search index + web crawler 2009 Yes, it saves personal data Microsoft founded second largest search engine in USA & Europe United States
Yandex Search index + web crawler 1995 Yes, saves personal data Market leader in Russia even ahead of Google United States
Baidu Search index + web crawler 2000 Yes, saves personal data The most popular search engine in China, it censors search results very heavily and stores user data China
Yahoo Search index + web crawler 1994 Yes, saves personal data Uses Bing’s search technology; which was once the greatest search engine; User numbers are getting smaller and smaller United States Search index + web crawler 1996 Yes, saves personal data Has fallen into disrepute because the toolbar has secretly installed itself on many computers and could no longer be easily removed United States
Fireball Search index + web crawler 1996 No, the search is anonymous One of the first search engines from Germany. Had high user numbers in the 2000s. Germany
Altavista Search index + web crawler 1995 KA Yahoo took it over in 2003, and this search engine was completely switched off in 2013 United States
Lycos Search index + web crawler 1995 KA Lycos was bought by the Indian company Ybrant Digital in 2010 United States
Qwant Search index + web crawler 2013 No, the search is anonymous High data protection, based in France France Search index + web crawler 1995 KA Search engine for the Swiss area and the surrounding area Switzerland
Exalead Search index + web crawler 2004 KA Search can be set in advance for certain page types in the search settings France
Gigablast Search index + web crawler 2000 KA Open-source search engine United States
DuckDuckGo Search index + web crawler + metasearch 2008 No High data protection, more and more user numbers from year to year, use other search engines, and has its own web crawler United States Metasearch 1996 No Many setting options and over 20 sources for obtaining information can be selected Germany Metasearch 1995 KA First meta-search engine worldwide United States
LexiQuo Metasearch 1995 No Metasearch engine with numerous functions, such as translations, Wikipedia search, etc. KA
Disconnect Search Metasearch 2011 No Returns the search results from DuckDuckGo and Bing, very high data protection United States
Dogpile Metasearch 1995 KA Summarizes the search results of the well-known search engines (Google, Bing, and Yandex) United States
Ixquick / Metasearch 1998 No, the search is anonymous With, Google search results can be queried anonymously Holland Metasearch 1995 KA Ströer Digital Publishing GmbH took over T-Online. Google provides the search results Germany Metasearch 1995 KA Search results from Google Germany Metasearch 1997 KA Search results from Google Germany
Yahoo Metasearch 1994 Yes, it saves personal data Once one of the leading search engines worldwide. Has lost a lot of reaches, cooperates with Microsoft, Bing provides search results United States
Ecosia Metasearch 1995 No, the search is anonymous 80% of the income from search engine ads is donated to nature conservation projects Germany
Oscobo Metasearch 2015 No, the search is anonymous The target group is English Internet users, the results come from Bing Great Britain
AOL Metasearch KA KA Once the largest internet company in the world, it still has a search engine today. The results are listed using Bing. United States
Hulbee / Semantic search + search index + web crawler 2009 No, the search is anonymous Search engine with semantic search, own index and web crawler as well as a youth protection filter Switzerland
Tungsten alpha Semantic search 2006 KA Immediately provides answers and facts instead of just search results United States
FragFINN Search engine for children KA KA Heavily filtered search results for children KA Search engine for children KA KA Heavily filtered search results for children KA Search engine for children 1997 KA Heavily filtered search results for children KA
YaCy Peer-to-Peer Search (P2P Search) 2003 No, the search is anonymous The most popular P2P search engines, software must be installed on the computer to use it, anyone can participate Germany Search index + web crawler + metasearch N/A KA Own index with web crawler for Switzerland, plus metasearch on Google, Bing, and DuckDuckGo, as well as the video portals YouTube, ALUGHA, Vimeo, and Dailymotion Switzerland

Search Engines Are Presented In Detail

Now let’s go into detail and introduce some search engines.

Google makes the beginning as the world market leader. However, this search engine does not have complete market dominance all over the world.


There are alternatives, especially in large countries like China or Russia, that are market leaders there.

Other search engines also differ in terms of search options:

There are special search engines for certain target groups or providers that promise a particularly high data protection level and much more.

There are so many different, unfortunately mostly unknown, providers in the field of web search that should be tested once.

Google – The Top Dog Among Search Engines (including market shares worldwide and in the USA)

Almost every internet user knows Google and uses this search engine to find information on the web. The word “googling” even made it into the Duden.

If you want a simplified illustration of how the Google search works, stop by here.

Google currently dominates the market in the USA, the market share is over 80% and also just over 90% worldwide ( source ). In addition, Google is the most visited website worldwide ( Source: Wikipedia ).

Market Shares Worldwide:

Search engine Google Bing Yahoo Baidu Yandex Other
2009 90.28% 2.3% 4.78% 1.72%
2010 90.91% 3.46% 3.93% 0.34% 1%
2011 91.07% 3.57% 3.59% 0.32% 1.11%
2012 91.85% 3.09% 3.01% 0.35% 0.34% 1.36%
2013 90.24% 3.36% 3.12% 0.87% 0.34% 2.08%
2014 89.81% 3.63% 3.57% 0.61% 2.38%
2015 90.61% 3.2% 3.4% 0.96% 0.39% 1.61%
2016 92.01% 2.79% 2.62% 1.02% 0.35% 1.21%
2017 92.09% 2.76% 2.12% 1.34% 0.41% 1.28%
2018 90.94% 3.03% 2.04% 1.94% 0.61% 1.44%
2019 92.71% 2.32% 1.59% 1.06% 0.56% 1.76%
Market Shares In The USA:
Search engine Google Bing Yahoo DuckDuckGo Other
2017 87.24% 6.57% 5.05% 0.52% 0.62%
2018 87.33% 7.32% 4.34% 0.62% 0.28%
2019 88.65% 6.11% 3.55% 1.33% 0.36%
Market Shares In Germany:
Search engine Google Bing Yahoo T-online Ecosia Other
2009 97.27% 0.47% 1.3% 0.2% 0 0 0.53%
2010 97.11% 1.08% 1.04% 0.29% 0 0 0.29%
2011 95.86% 1.93% 1.05% 0.31% 0 0 0.85%
2012 95.14% 1.89% 1.06% 0.47% 0 0 1.06%
2013 94.65% 1.83% 1.12% 0.59% 0 0 1.36%
2014 93.44% 2.43% 1.9% 0.46% 1.02% 0 0.75%
2015 93.27% 2.87% 1.88% 0.36% 0.95% 0 0.67%
2016 93.21% 4.05% 1.54% 0 0.65% 0 0.28%
2017 92.14% 5.25% 1.64% 0 0 0 0.44%
2018 92.67% 4.19% 1.1% 0 0 0 1.5%
2019 95.04% 2.57% 0.56% 0 0.24% 0.59% 1%

Google was developed in 1996 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin at Stanford University – initially under the name “BackRub”. Since September 15, 1997, the search engine has been operated under the name “Google”.

The user interface has hardly changed since then. However, Google repeatedly makes small and large changes to its search results, such as the direct display of answers in the search results with so-called featured snippets.

Google continues to exploit its power, which sometimes meets with criticism, e.g., hardly existing data protection (the search engine saves all possible data of its users).

Yandex – The Leader In Russia

The Russian search engine Yandex was founded in 1997, and, according to Wikipedia, it is a company based in Amsterdam and its main operational headquarters in Moscow. There are also branches in Belarus, Switzerland, the USA, Turkey, and Germany (Berlin).

The market share in Russia, according to, is almost as large as that of Google and the two search engines, thus sharing market leadership in Russia.

Market Shares In Russia:

Search Engine Yandex Google Bing Yahoo Other
2017 47.97% 47.28% 3.1% 0.73% 0.48% 0.44%
2018 52.74% 43.82% 2.13% 0.5% 0.4% 0.4%
2019 52.24% 44.38% 2.22% 0.54% 0.24% 0.38%

Baidu – Market Leader In

Baidu is the market leader among search engines in China. With over 70% market share, Baidu is the most popular search engine in the Middle Kingdom. Market Shares In China:

Search Engine Baidu Google Shenma Haosou Sogou Other
2017 77.31% 1.71% 7.72% 8.06% 3.56% 1.64%
2018 69.37% 1.63% 17.89% 5.35% 4.33% 1.44%
2019 67.09% 2.64% 6.84% 1.91% 18.75% 2.77%

However, the market leader is heavily criticized: Baidu works closely with the Chinese government, anti-government voices are repeatedly removed from the search engine, and the level of censorship is very high.

For this purpose, personal data are stored en masse and presumably made available to state officials who are mad about control. You can find more about this system here:


Bing was launched by Microsoft in 2009 as the successor to (Live Search) to compete with Google finally. However, despite intensive research on various platforms such as Statista, Statcounter, etc., we were unable to find any confirmation.

Anyone who can provide evidence here is welcome to post a comment with a link. Nonetheless, Bing’s market share is increasing, even if it is still in the single-digit percentage range according to static sources. It remains to be seen whether Bing will develop into a serious competition to Google.

Ask was founded in 1996 by Garrett Gruener and David Warthen and has fallen into disrepute over the years due to the aggressive distribution of its Ask toolbar. Many users complained that once the Ask toolbar was installed, it couldn’t be easily removed.


The French search engine Qwant was founded in 2011 and offered its users a detailed search since 2013. The search engine offers a search for websites and a search for news, social media platforms, images, videos (mainly, and shopping results.

Qwant advertises that it does not store any personal data. As a result, personalized search results are not displayed when searching, as is the case with Google.

The IP addresses of the users are not saved. Also, only temporary cookies are set, and cookies for commercial purposes are not used.

Qwant is an interesting search engine: it remains to be seen whether it has a chance against the big market leaders. As with many others, the main source of income is showing ads in search results.

This search engine from Switzerland was founded in 1995 by Rudolf Räber and Bernhard Seefeld.

Mainly search results from Switzerland are displayed here. Besides displaying websites, there are many other services such as Telephone books, weather services, maps, timetables, television, and cinema programs—everything for Switzerland and the surrounding area.

Metasearch Engines

Metasearch engines combine the search results from several search engines.

Such search engines are often referred to as search mask collections. Search mask collections deliver the search results in individual windows from the original interface of the respective search engine.

The meta-search engines, on the other hand, bring the results together in a large overview.


DuckDuckGo went live in 2008 and was developed by Gabriel Weinberg. This search engine with the unusual name is a combination of a meta-search engine and its web crawler.

Search results are provided by over 400 sources such as Bing, Yandex, Yahoo Search BOSS, Wikipedia, and the company’s own web crawler called DuckDuckBot, which regularly crawls the web for information.

According to Wikipedia, on November 13, 2017, there were more than 20 million searches in a day.

The search engine’s motto is “The search engine that doesn’t track you”. DuckDuckGo delivers the same results to all users (there is no filter bubble), does not save any data, and does not pass on any personal data.

The company cites ads as a source of income in its search results that relate only to the search results and not to the user’s search behavior.

To further increase anonymity, DuckDuckGo can also be called up as a Tor hidden service. This service can only be accessed via the Tor browser, which also protects your own data.

The search at DuckDuckGo offers various options such as setting the country for the search query, images, videos, and news. There is also a filter mode that can filter out adult content.

Metacrawler was the first metasearch engine worldwide and went online on 07/07/1995. The search results from the WWW, images, videos, and news are summarized here.

Disconnect Search

The disconnect was founded in 2011. The company’s aim is to protect people’s privacy on the Internet. Disconnect offers various products that support this goal: VPN software and of course a search engine.

With Disconnect Search, users from two different search engines (DuckDuckGo and Bing) can view the results without losing their privacy and personal data.


Dogpile summarizes the search results from well-known providers (Google, Bing, and Yandex). This meta-search engine started operating as early as 1995. In addition to the usual search for websites, images, videos, news, and shopping results can also be searched for.

Search Engines In Cooperation With Google Or Bing

Metasearch engines combine the search results from several search engines.

Such search engines are often referred to as search mask collections. Search mask collections deliver the search results in individual windows from the respective search engine’s original interface.

The meta-search engines, on the other hand, bring the results together in a large overview. (Ixquick)

According to the website, (formerly Ixquick) is the world’s most discreet search engine. The company is based in the Netherlands.

The Google search results are displayed on and combined with privacy protection. No personal data is saved and sold to advertisers.

Also very useful to bypass the personalized search on Google and additionally protect your data.

The meta-search engine was founded in 1998 and has dedicated itself to the issue of data protection for its users since 2006. In 2016, and Ixquick were merged into one large data protection search engine.

You can find the current number of users of the search engine Startpage here.



YAHOO! was founded in 1994 by David Filo and Jerry Yang and was initially a pure web catalog. In addition to the search engine, this search engine offers a lot of other services such as an email service.

The company has been cooperating with Bing Search since 2009 to be able to attack Google’s market power. However, the market share is still in the lower single-digit percentage range.


Thanks to Ecosia users, over 35 million trees have been planted to date.

How does it work?

Ecosia is a search engine that uses its income from search ads to plant trees in the world. An ecological search engine, so to speak – nature conservation has never been so easy.

Ecosia GmbH was founded on December 7th, 2009, and is based in Berlin. According to Wikipedia, 80% of the surplus is donated to nature conservation organizations. Bing provides the search results from Ecosia and no personal data is stored on Ecosia.


The British search engine Oscobo advertises data protection – according to the website, no personal data is stored or passed on. Instead of personal advertising, only ads that relate to the search query are shown.

Bing provides the search results for this provider. The main target group of this provider is English Internet users.

Special Search Engines

In addition to the general search engines, which have their own web crawlers and their own index or use other search engines’ search results (meta-search engines), there are numerous other special search engines that have specialized in certain areas.

Anonymous Search

Search engines like Bing or Google are increasingly being criticized for illegally storing millions of data from their users. The user becomes like an open book for many search engines. Especially Google looks particularly exposed to criticism.

The following search engines claim not to save any data from your users and thus respect your users’ privacy.

  • Duckduckgo
  • Oscobo
  • Deusu
  • Hulbee
  • Fastbot
  • Qwant
  • MetaGer
  • YaCy
  • Disconnect Search
  • Ecosia

Semantic Search

Semantic search engines try to derive meaning from their users’ search queries. If the user enters a question, the search engine provides an answer and not a list of possibly suitable websites on which the answer is hidden.

Tungsten Alpha

Tungsten alpha

Unlike normal search engines, WolframAlpha provides its users with a direct answer. Similar to the Google answer boxes, with WolframAlpha the search results are displayed directly and legible on the platform.

The user no longer has to click on search results himself and receives an answer immediately. Of course, this doesn’t work with all search terms.

Here’s an example:

WolframAlpha’s service aims primarily at people who want to educate themselves and are looking for direct information without filtering umpteen different solutions themselves. Teachers, scientists, schoolchildren, and students in particular should like the “answer machine”.

The project has been developed since 2006 by Stephen Wolfram, Conrad Wolfram, and their team of 100 employees. WolframAlpha has a paid pro version with more search results. is a search engine from the Swiss company Hulbee AG. The main points of this search engine are data protection, semantic search, and youth protection filters.

In addition to the normal search results for a query, this provider tries to display other suitable search terms in a keyword cloud.

You can also search for images, products, videos, and music.

Children’s Search Engines

The youngsters also want to go online and use a search engine to find information. Then parents should better use a search engine, especially for children.

These special search engines filter the results so that youngsters only see websites and content that are suitable for children.

Our test of these children’s search engines showed that the search results are really very heavily filtered.

Peer To Peer Search

Peer-2-peer search engines are decentralized search engines that anyone can participate. All active participants in these search engines create the database with the search index.

When searching, the majority, and not some superordinate company, uses mysterious search algorithms to decide which search results are displayed to the user. One of the best-known peer-2-peer search services is YaCy.

If you want to use the search engine, you must first download the (free) installation file and install it on your computer. There is more about YaCy in numerous tutorial videos on Youtube.

Which Search Engine Is The Best?

There is no such thing as the best search engine. Each search engine has its advantages and disadvantages. As the global market leader, Google could be described as one of the best search engines – otherwise, it would hardly be used by millions of people.

However, there is always criticism of Google, for example, because of the intensive storage of user data. Providers such as DuckDuckGo combine the search results from many different search engines and thus present interesting alternatives.

Ecosia donates a large part of its income to nature conservation.

There is simply no such thing as the best search engine – everyone has to decide for themselves which search suits them best.

What Types Of Search Engines Are There?

Search engine systems can be divided into different types: meta-search engines, catalog search engines, and index-based search engines. There are also search engines that specialize their search in certain areas or content.

Index-Based Search Engines

The majority of all modern search engines, such as Google, Bing, or Yandex, send so-called crawlers (search engine bots, web crawlers) through the entire WorldWideWeb in order to search for content, to analyze it (to classify it according to certain algorithms) and to include it in their search index.

In this way, these search engines can respond specifically to their users’ inquiries and display suitable results from their index as quickly as possible.

Catalog Search Engines

These are so-called web catalogs. People previously collected the search results, manually checked them, and categorized them. Such catalogs have to be checked again and again by people.

With the size of the Internet, it is an almost impossible task to always stay up-to-date – a clear disadvantage compared to index-based search engines with web crawlers.

In the case of niche projects, manual compilation and categorization can still make sense today, as is the case with special children’s search engines that are only allowed to provide results that are suitable for children.

Metasearch Engines

A meta-search engine does not have its own search index but uses the databases of other index-based search engines to deliver information.

The search results from the search engine data are weighted by the meta-search engine and combined in a new list of results. DuckDuckGo is one of the most famous metasearch.

Here the results from over 400 sources are combined, such as those from Wikipedia, Bing, Yandex, and many more.

The advantage here is that users are not trapped in an information bubble – Google delivers, e.g. (personalized) search results geared towards the user, which theoretically means that the user’s information can be lost.

Special Search Engines

There are many more different types of search options.

These include vertical searches that only enable the search for specific content, such as Google image search or self-contained search systems such as Amazon search, YouTube, eBay, and many more.

History Of The Search Engines

The very first search engine was Archie and dates back to 1990 – a search index more designed for FTP archives. The first major known search engine was Excite, which was founded in 1993/1994.

Altavista web search started in early 1994 and has been used by many as the default search. In the same year, the famous Yahoo! at the start, was initially a pure web directory.

Each entry was entered manually by an employee – an unimaginably slow process in times of artificial intelligence and crawlers.

The world market leader Google started in 1996. Even if it took a long time, Google has now established itself as the market leader in many countries. New innovations are always coming onto the market.

These include Search engines such as DuckDuckGo, which does not store user data, or the web search Ecosia, which donates most of its income to nature conservation.

Search via voice commands is also developing enormously – this trend began in 2011 with Siri for the iPhone and in 2014 with Cortana for Windows operating systems.

Future Of The Internet Search Engines

Of course, nobody can say exactly what the future of search engines will look like.

We can only make assumptions: Google will probably continue to maintain its supremacy, especially in the western world (the USA and Europe).

How the search (crawler, building a database, search algorithms, etc.) works on Google and Co. will presumably continue to exist, as this is being refined more and more, and Google has become the market leader in many countries.

From The author

Amit Kumar, Marketing Lead & Co-Founder at RankJacker SEO is an MBA & A former Sales Professional with a knack for experimenting with Content & Copywriting. He loves to keep a tab on the latest updates in Content Marketing & SEO applications.

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